Green homes are recognized to optimise the use of energy and water assets compared to a well-known home. They are more environment friendly and generate lesser waste. In short, they are directly associated with the situation of saving the surroundings and lowering the operational expenses for the residents. While the fee of ownership of Green properties is comparatively greater than ordinary homes, they tend to be price effective over a length of time. Knowing what Green houses are and appreciation their advantages in terms of health and expenses would help you make an informed domestic shopping for decision.
The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) has set up the IGBC Green Homes, a ranking machine developed in India for sustainable practices in the residential sector. It is a consensus-based gadget aimed at facilitating the fine use of site resources, water conservation, electricity efficiency, handling of family waste, most reliable cloth utilisation and format for healthy, comfortable and environmentally pleasant homes.
Features of a Green home
To set up whether or no longer a home is Green, seek advice from the builder and discover out the environmental impact of the building from the initial levels till the give up of the building work. The building or home should be made of environmentally pleasant building materials using a variety of holistic techniques, which meet building standards set with the aid of IGBC. Some of these techniques or aspects are:
Location: One of the top facets of Green homes is that they are made in locations which do now not harm the environment or disrupt wildlife. They are in general positioned in densely populated areas which are close to public transportation. Further, these properties are oriented in a manner that optimises the use of herbal assets such as air and sun. For instances, a home going through towards the South can optimally utilise photo voltaic energy, which could be used for heating or producing electricity.
Materials: The raw materials used to construct a Green domestic have to stand the check of the three Rs – Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Thus, they should be locally sourced and non-toxic to decrease environmental impact, and biodegradable and repurposed to ensure most reuse and recycle (even after the constructing is demolished). Further, the residences should be capable to produce renewable energy, for instance, with the use of Photovoltaic Cells (solar energy) to minimize electricity consumption.
Design: Green residences are designed in a way that permits sufficient natural light to enter, thereby lowering the need for electrical lights. Similarly, strategic insulation and air flow techniques are employed in Green homes to limit artificial heating and cooling. Such facets preserve the house bloodless in summers and warm in winters. Use of green roofs or vertical gardens helps degrade the pollution and enhance the air exceptional round the structure.
Energy efficiency: Green properties use energy-efficient appliances such as solar-powered or thermal-powered lights and fans. With the use of such appliances, electricity consumption can be reduced by around 30 percent each year.
Water usage: To preserve water, inexperienced residences make use of environment friendly kitchen and loo fixtures, water-conserving irrigation system, or a rainwater harvesting system. The landscaping around the home consists of native plants, which require much less water than non-native foliage.
Cost: Green constructions are priced a notch higher than standard buildings. However, reduced operational prices can assist you get better the rate distinction inside 2-3 years. In the longer run, Green residences flip out to be greater cost effective.
Advantages of residing in a green home
With all the noted features, Green houses promise numerous blessings to its residents, ranging from environmental to social and economic.
Here are some of the benefits:
Sustainable materials tend to be long lasting for a lengthy time, so they save the fee of ordinary maintenance or replacement.
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India, presents fast environmental clearance for Green building projects which are pre-certified or have a provisional certification by the IGBC. There are State-level incentives on Floor Area Ratio (FAR) for Green constructions in Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and West Bengal, with different States soon to comply with suit.
With lower utility and preservation costs, these houses imply decreased expenditure in the direction of building operation.
Use of renewable and clean-energy assets reduces our dependence on fossil fuels, having a tremendous environmental impact.
Sustainable improvement leads to very negligible building waste due to recyclability of Green constructing materials.
Green constructions are sustainable for the duration of their lifecycle. Thus, even after demolishing the structure, the materials can be recycled, reused, or biodegraded, leaving minimal influence on the ecology.
Green constructing substances such as paints, adhesives, sealants and finishes contain low risky natural compounds (VOC), so they do no longer motive respiratory illnesses.
Instead of recycling stale indoor air, inexperienced air flow methods continuously bring in sparkling outside air into the home.
An inexperienced home additionally has much less mildew and makes use of non-toxic pest manage and non-toxic family cleaners. This, in turn, improves the indoor air quality.
Quick hints to make your home Green
If you have already purchased a home, do now not fret. A popular home can be made green via taking some aware measures to use much less electricity and resources. Installing photo voltaic panels and wind generators are not the only ways to go green. There are plenty of smaller approaches to make a home eco-friendly:
Buy home equipment that consume less power by using making sure that they have true Energy Star ratings.
Keep your home cool by means of insulating it with high performance or triple-paned windows.
Install low-emittance (low-E) windows. This is a special glass which displays UV rays and heat, thereby keeping the domestic cool in summers.
Swap luminescent light bulbs with LED lights which use a portion of the total electricity.
Turn up the HVAC gadget two stages up in summers and two levels down in winters to limit Carbon Dioxide emission.
Everything plugged into an electricity outlet – TV, computer, printer, video recreation console, microwave oven – should be unplugged when not in use, saving you up to two months of the average home’s power use.
Always use cold water for washing clothes to cut down about eighty percentage of the energy utilization on heating water.