How Amortization Works in Indian Real Estate: A Complete Guide

Jan 06, 2024 - by Flat In Kalyan

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How Amortization Works in Indian Real Estate: A Complete Guide
Amortization is the process of paying off a loan over a fixed period of time, with regular and equal installments. Each installment consists of two components: the principal amount and the interest amount. The principal is the original amount borrowed, and the interest is the cost of borrowing. Amortization reduces the loan balance gradually until it reaches zero at the end of the loan term.

How does amortization work?
In the beginning of the loan term, the interest component is higher than the principal component, as the loan balance is high. As the loan balance decreases with each payment, the interest component also decreases, and the principal component increases. This means that more of the payment goes towards reducing the loan balance, and less towards the interest. This accelerates the repayment of the loan over time.

How is amortization calculated?
The amortization of a loan depends on four factors: the loan amount, the interest rate, the loan term, and the payment frequency. The loan amount is the total amount borrowed, the interest rate is the annual percentage rate (APR) charged by the lender, the loan term is the duration of the loan in years, and the payment frequency is the number of payments per year (usually monthly or quarterly).

What is an amortization schedule?
An amortization schedule is a table that shows the breakdown of each payment into the principal and interest components, and the remaining loan balance after each payment. It also shows the total amount of interest paid over the loan term. An amortization schedule helps the borrower to understand how the loan is repaid, and how much interest is saved by making extra payments or prepayments.

Amortization: Importance
Amortization is important for both borrowers and lenders, as it determines the affordability and profitability of a loan. For borrowers, amortization helps to plan their monthly budget and manage their cash flow, as they know how much they have to pay each month. It also helps them to save interest by choosing a shorter loan term or making extra payments. For lenders, amortization ensures that they receive a steady stream of income from the loan, and that they recover their principal and interest over the loan term.

Amortization in real estate: Pros and cons
Amortization has some pros and cons for real estate buyers and sellers. Some of the pros are:
Amortization allows buyers to purchase a property with a small down payment, and spread the cost over a long period of time.
Amortization enables buyers to build equity in their property, as they pay off the loan balance and increase their ownership stake.

Amortization benefits sellers by increasing the demand and value of their property, as more buyers can afford to buy it with a loan.
Some of the cons are:
Amortization increases the total cost of the property, as buyers have to pay interest on the loan, which can be significant over a long term.
Amortization exposes buyers to the risk of negative equity, if the property value falls below the loan balance, making it difficult to sell or refinance the property.

Amortization limits the flexibility of buyers, as they have to commit to a fixed payment schedule, and may face penalties for prepaying or defaulting on the loan.


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