Flooring Material Types, Prices, Advantages and Disadvantages

Jan 10, 2024 - by Flat In Kalyan

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Flooring Material Types, Prices, Advantages and Disadvantages
Flooring is the most crucial element of a residential or commercial space. The quality and durability of the floor is an important aspect to consider when choosing flooring materials. Besides, the choice of material will also have an impact on the visual appeal of the interiors. Nowadays, there are a variety of flooring options, such as vinyl, marble, hardwood, etc., which help a homeowner personalise her space based on her style and preference. In this article, we will examine the different types of flooring materials and compare them based on their price, advantages, and disadvantages.

Flooring Material: Types
There are many types of flooring materials available in the market, each with its own pros and cons. Some of the most common ones are:

Hardwood Flooring
Hardwood flooring is a traditional and elegant option that can enhance the beauty and value of any space. It is made from solid wood planks that are milled from a single piece of timber. Hardwood flooring comes in various species, such as oak, maple, walnut, cherry, etc., and can be finished with different stains and coatings. Hardwood flooring is durable, strong, and can be refinished multiple times to restore its original look.

However, hardwood flooring is also expensive, requires regular maintenance, and is prone to moisture damage, scratches, and dents. It is not suitable for areas with high humidity, such as bathrooms, laundry rooms, and basements. It may also fade or warp due to exposure to sunlight or temperature changes.

Engineered Wood Flooring
Engineered wood flooring is a cheaper and more eco-friendly alternative to hardwood flooring. It is made from a thin layer of real wood that is bonded over a base layer of plywood or high-density fiberboard. Engineered wood flooring can mimic the appearance and feel of hardwood flooring, but with more resistance to moisture, warping, and cracking. It can also be installed over different types of subfloors, such as concrete, tile, or existing wood.

However, engineered wood flooring is not as durable as hardwood flooring, and can only be refinished once or twice. It may also fade or wear out over time, depending on the quality and thickness of the top layer. It may also contain formaldehyde or other chemicals that can affect indoor air quality.

Vinyl Flooring
Vinyl flooring is a synthetic flooring material that is made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and other additives. Vinyl flooring is one of the most affordable and versatile flooring options, as it can imitate the look and texture of various natural materials, such as wood, stone, tile, etc. Vinyl flooring is also easy to install, clean, and maintain, as it is water-resistant, stain-resistant, and scratch-resistant. It can also withstand heavy foot traffic and is suitable for any room in the house.

However, vinyl flooring is not very eco-friendly, as it is made from non-renewable resources and may emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can harm the environment and human health. It may also fade or discolor due to exposure to sunlight or heat. It may also dent or tear due to sharp objects or furniture.

Laminate Flooring
Laminate flooring is another synthetic flooring material that is made from layers of compressed wood, resin, and paper. Laminate flooring has a photographic image of wood, stone, tile, or other material on the top layer, which is covered with a protective coating. Laminate flooring is cheaper and easier to install than hardwood or engineered wood flooring, as it can be snapped together without nails or glue. Laminate flooring is also durable, stain-resistant, and fade-resistant, and can last for up to 20 years.

However, laminate flooring is not very water-resistant, and can swell or warp if exposed to moisture or spills. It is also not very scratch-resistant, and can show signs of wear and tear over time. It cannot be refinished or repaired, and may need to be replaced if damaged. It may also emit VOCs that can affect indoor air quality.

Tile Flooring
Tile flooring is a popular and versatile flooring option that is made from ceramic, porcelain, or natural stone. Tile flooring comes in a wide range of colors, shapes, sizes, and patterns, and can create a unique and stylish look for any space. Tile flooring is also durable, water-resistant, and easy to clean, and can withstand high temperatures and humidity. It is ideal for areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, and entryways.

However, tile flooring is also expensive, heavy, and hard to install, and may require professional help. It is also cold and hard underfoot, and may cause discomfort or injury if dropped or fallen on. It may also crack or chip due to impact or movement. It may also require sealing and grouting to prevent stains and mold growth.

Stone Flooring
Stone flooring is a natural and luxurious flooring option that is made from materials such as marble, granite, slate, travertine, etc. Stone flooring can add a touch of elegance and sophistication to any space, as it has a unique and timeless appeal. Stone flooring is also durable, strong, and can last for a lifetime. It can also keep the floor cool in summer and warm in winter, and can improve indoor air quality.

However, stone flooring is also very expensive, heavy, and hard to install, and may require professional help. It is also porous and may absorb moisture, stains, and dirt, and may require sealing and polishing to maintain its shine and beauty. It may also crack or chip due to impact or movement. It may also be slippery when wet, and may cause injury or damage.

Linoleum Flooring
Linoleum flooring is an eco-friendly and biodegradable flooring material that is made from linseed oil, cork, wood, resin, and other natural ingredients. Linoleum flooring is available in various colors, patterns, and textures, and can create a warm and cozy look for any space. Linoleum flooring is also durable, water-resistant, and easy to clean, and can last for up to 40 years. It can also resist bacteria, mold, and dust mites, and can improve indoor air quality.

However, linoleum flooring is also prone to fading, yellowing, and curling due to exposure to sunlight or heat. It is also susceptible to scratches, dents, and tears due to sharp objects or furniture. It may also emit a linseed oil odor when new, which may be unpleasant for some people. It may also require waxing and polishing to maintain its appearance and performance.

Carpet Flooring
Carpet flooring is a soft and comfortable flooring option that is made from natural or synthetic fibers, such as wool, cotton, nylon, polyester, etc. Carpet flooring can create a cozy and inviting look for any space, as it has a plush and cushioned feel underfoot. Carpet flooring can also provide insulation, sound absorption, and slip resistance, and can reduce the risk of injury or damage. It can also add color, texture, and pattern to the floor, and can suit any style and preference.

However, carpet flooring is also difficult to clean and maintain, as it can trap dust, dirt, allergens, and stains, and may require regular vacuuming and shampooing. It may also harbor bacteria, mold, and odors, and may affect indoor air quality. It may also fade or wear out due to exposure to sunlight or foot traffic. It may also be flammable and may release VOCs that can harm the environment and human health.

Rubber Flooring
Rubber flooring is a durable and resilient flooring option that is made from natural or synthetic rubber. Rubber flooring is commonly used in commercial and industrial spaces, such as gyms, hospitals, schools, etc., as it can withstand heavy loads, impacts, and abrasions. Rubber flooring is also water-resistant, stain-resistant, and slip-resistant, and can provide cushioning, shock absorption, and noise reduction. It can also resist bacteria, mold, and fire, and can improve indoor air quality.

However, rubber flooring is also expensive, heavy, and hard to install, and may require professional help. It is also limited in design and color options, and may not suit every style and preference. It may also emit a rubbery odor when new, which may be unpleasant for some people. It may also fade or discolor due to exposure to sunlight or chemicals.

Cork Flooring
Cork flooring is an eco-friendly and renewable flooring option that is made from the bark of cork oak trees. Cork flooring is available in various colors, patterns, and textures, and can create a natural and organic look for any space. Cork flooring is also durable, water-resistant, and easy to clean, and can last for up to 30 years. It can also provide insulation, sound absorption, and slip resistance, and can reduce the risk of injury or damage. It can also resist bacteria, mold, and insects, and can improve indoor air quality.

However, cork flooring is also prone to fading, swelling, and curling due to exposure to sunlight or moisture. It is also susceptible to scratches, dents, and tears due to sharp objects or furniture. It may also emit a corky odor when new, which may be unpleasant for some people. It may also require sealing and refinishing to maintain its appearance and performance.
Tips to Consider When Choosing Flooring Material

Flooring Materials: Price
The price of flooring materials can vary depending on several factors, such as the quality, quantity, brand, installation, and maintenance of the material. Here is a rough estimate of the average cost of some of the common flooring materials in India, per square foot:
- Hardwood flooring: ₹250 to ₹700
- Engineered wood flooring: ₹150 to ₹500
- Vinyl flooring: ₹50 to ₹300
- Laminate flooring: ₹100 to ₹400
- Tile flooring: ₹40 to ₹200
- Stone flooring: ₹200 to ₹800
- Linoleum flooring: ₹80 to ₹300
- Carpet flooring: ₹50 to ₹500
- Rubber flooring: ₹200 to ₹600
- Cork flooring: ₹150 to ₹500

These prices are indicative and may vary depending on the location, availability, and demand of the material. It is advisable to compare the prices of different flooring materials from different sources before making a final decision.

Factors that Influence Flooring Materials Price
Some of the factors that can affect the price of flooring materials are:
- Quality: The quality of the material determines its durability, performance, and appearance. Higher-quality materials are usually more expensive than lower-quality ones, but they may also last longer and require less maintenance.
- Quantity: The quantity of the material required depends on the size and shape of the area to be covered. Larger areas may require more material, which can increase the cost. However, buying in bulk may also offer some discounts or savings.
- Brand: The brand of the material can also influence its price, as some brands may have a higher reputation, recognition, or quality than others. Branded materials may also offer better warranties, guarantees, or after-sales services than non-branded ones.
- Installation: The installation of the material involves labor, tools, equipment, and other materials, such as subfloor, underlayment, adhesive, grout, etc. The installation cost can vary depending on the complexity, difficulty, and time required for the installation. Some materials may also require professional help, which can increase the cost.
- Maintenance: The maintenance of the material involves cleaning, repairing, refinishing, or replacing the material, depending on its condition and wear and tear. The maintenance cost can vary depending on the frequency, method, and products required for the maintenance. Some materials may also require special care, which can increase the cost.

These are some of the tips and factors to consider when choosing flooring materials based on your budget, lifestyle, and preference. In the next section, we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each flooring material, and how they can suit different rooms in your house. Stay tuned!


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